The Headmaster's Blog
Tuesday 17 January 2017
The return to school in January began - as it was at most schools - with a day of Professional Development. Our focus this year as a Common Room is on ensuring stretch and challenge for all our pupils so I was very grateful to our Director of Teaching and Learning, John Davies, who spoke on this topic and prompted a series of discussions amongst staff.
When the teaching profession discusses stretch and challenge, it can tend to focus on four aspects: setting extension work for the pupils who complete their work first; skipping over easier content to focus on trickier concepts; covering the curriculum more quickly; or on enriching the curriculum with extra activities beyond the classroom. These are all valid and I've seen lots of evidence of them here at Abingdon.
We want though to go further than this and to ensure that every lesson can provide stretch for every pupil, that every lesson gives them a mental workout that is as challenging as any training session for our sportsmen might be.
In his presentation, Mr Davies focused on the concept of Authentic Intellectual Work (centerforaiw.com) as a framework for assessing if a given activity provided the stretch that we might be looking for. At the very least, AIW (I do love a three-letter acronym) provides a useful vocabulary for considering the level of challenge in a particular lesson.
In brief, AIW encourages the teacher to consider three aspects when assessing the level of challenge of a lesson or activity; the construction of knowledge, disciplined inquiry and the value beyond school.
The construction of knowledge focuses on higher order thinking skills, such as organising, interpreting, evaluating or synthesising prior knowledge to solve a problem. This is in essence taking learning to the level beyond simply remembering and/or regurgitating knowledge or even simply understanding it but applying a level of analysis and sophistication.
Disciplined inquiry requires students to build a strong base of prior knowledge upon which to draw and then to display a deep understanding in communicating that knowledge in complex forms. There is therefore a strong emphasis on communication - in sophisticated written or oral forms - not just in traditional 'writing' subjects like History and English but also in the sciences and Mathematics.
Finally, AIW demands that work has a value beyond school. That is to say that work is completed not just for the narrowly utilitarian purpose of achieving a better result at GCSE or A Level but because it develops knowledge or skills that will serve students well throughout their lives and perhaps just make them a 'better', or at the very least a better-educated, person.
I think AIW is a useful way for us to ensure challenge across the whole curriculum. The presentation certainly sparked a great deal of discussion across the common room and I'm looking forward to seeing those discussions bear fruit as I visit lessons this term.
Saturday 19 November 2016
For the past three weeks, groups of Year 6 pupils have been visiting Abingdon on Saturdays for taster mornings which give them and their parents a chance to find out more about the school and experience what life at Abingdon is like. It's not easy to capture the Abingdon experience in a couple of hours but certainly our visiting pupils have enjoyed the various lessons that they've taken part in, their time in the Sports Hall and particularly the refreshments… I've been grateful not just to the teachers who have contributed to these taster days but especially to our Lower Sixth Assistants who've given up their Saturday mornings to support various activities.
I'm not sure our visiting parents have had quite as much fun. They have a chance to visit our new Science Centre and our fantastic new facilities for Classics, Geography and History, followed by a Q&A session with some of my senior colleagues. In introducing this session, I have tried to capture the essence of Abingdon, which is really not easy in such a busy, diverse and interesting place. I wondered if a quick snapshot of some highlights from my last 48 hours might do the trick:
- Observation of a Third Year English lesson, where the boys were reading. Exciting to see the pupils engaging with concepts of the American Dream, linking them to their own aspirations and reflecting on the meaning of the recent USA presidential election…
- Entertaining lunch with the prefects, with conversation ranging from mountaineering to school inspections, from Trump (inevitably) to skiing.
- An extraordinary Singers' Masterclass led by Richard Burkhard, who has sung in opera arenas and concert halls around the globe, including the Bolshoi, English National Opera and many, many others. After a brief recital, he guided groups of pupils through scenes from some challenging operas: Mozart's Don Giovanni, Stravinsky's Rake's Progress, Britten's Billy Budd. We saw teaching at its best: engaging, supportive, humorous, informed by high expectations. It was thrilling to see the boys respond to Richard's direction and the scenes were transformed.
- The Lower School welcome a group of girls from St Helen's and St Katharine's to an evening of dinner and debate. It was great to see them all rise to the challenge with such confidence and obvious engagement in the topics being discussed. The future of the Debating Society is assured.
- Welcoming about 20 Old Abingdonians back to the school for an evening discussing careers with our Sixth Formers, just one component in a very rich programme of careers education. A series of panel discussions gives our students a great chance to find out more about a whole range of different careers from OAs who are at various stages of their own careers.
- A great derby day's rugby against our local friends from Radley College… No real need to motivate Abingdon pupils for this one…
Life at Abingdon is certainly never dull.
Monday 7 November 2016
One of the undeniable jewels in the crown of Abingdon's renowned Other Half programme is the Abingdon Film Unit. The Unit was formed in 2003 by Abingdon's Head of Drama, Jeremy Taylor, and the noted documentary maker, Michael Grigsby. It has produced some 111 films during its existence and it gives pupils an extraordinary opportunity to work with leading representatives of the film and television industry.
Half term offered me the chance to sit down and watch the latest crop of films, which are the product of many hours of hard work, sometimes spread over a couple of years. I was staggered by the quality of the work on display. There was great variety in the themes and approaches: a documentary film, describing the work of The Abingdon Bridge, a charity for whom the school has recently been raising money that supports young people in challenging circumstances in Abingdon; a poignant comedy called Limbo, involving professional actors and a creative screenplay; a fascinating documentary film about a local violin-maker and a brass violin that he owns; an extraordinary piece of animation called Otto's Story, describing the experiences of a young boy growing up in pre-war Vienna. All this work displayed a mature and thoughtful command of the medium of film.
A further film which I found particularly powerful was called Fade Away. Again it required an Abingdon pupil to direct a professional actor, in this case in a beautiful film that captured the experiences of a man suffering from dementia. The theme was handled with great sensitivity and maturity by David Bicarregui and it contained some haunting and incredibly effective imagery. Understandably, David won the title of the Michael Grigbsy Young Film-maker of the Year at the recent AFU night.
The Film Unit were back in school over the past weekend making a start on their new films. I cannot wait to see their offerings in a year or so's time.
Tuesday 11 October 2016
I wanted to write a few thoughts after the recent HMC conference in Stratford-upon-Avon. It also happened to be the 99th anniversary of the birth of the jazz pianist Thelonious Monk yesterday so I put on some of his music to get my creative juices flowing.
The theme of the conference was creativity, and listening to Monk chimed nicely with some of the themes that had run throughout it. The following piece comes therefore with apologies to those who have no time for jazz at all!
Thelonious Monk had the most individual approach to playing the piano of any of the great jazz pianists. Although his playing was steeped in the jazz tradition, his music is instantly recognisable. He came to fame in the late 1940s and early 1950s when the style was for rapid runs of notes while he favoured a more measured approach based on spiky clusters of sounds. The music he wrote seems quite simple on the page but it always poses surprising challenges; unusual corners to negotiate (one of Monk's most famous albums was indeed called Brilliant Corners). Every musician who played with him ended up adjusting their style and sounding fresh and different in order to make the music make sense.
This made me think of some of the sessions at the HMC conference where we thought about how to inspire creativity in our schools. Will Gompertz, the BBC's arts editor, reminded us that creativity does not just come from the ether but that ideas arise from a tradition. What is required though for new ideas to emerge are 'disruptors' - Gompertz cited the example of Baudelaire's impact on Cézanne - who challenged received thinking and set us off in a new direction. Monk's chord sequences act as musical disruptors, forcing improvisors to think on their feet and reject hackneyed sequences.
Some of the best teaching works the same way. An English lesson where pupils are required to re-write a poem without using the letter 'a' (with credit to Graeme May, Deputy Head Academic at Abingdon); a rugby drill where players have to execute a skill in an artificially narrow space; having to talk your way 'around' a word that you do not know or can't remember in Spanish or German, rather than being immediately given the word by the teacher. Some exciting learning can take place when pupils are 'disrupted' and have to work their way out of an unusual or difficult situation. I suppose it comes down to really making pupils think - and that is the very best teaching.
Who would have thought that the HMC conference and Thelonious Monk could possibly have so much in common...
Friday 23 September 2016
During my brief time at Abingdon to date, I've really enjoyed sampling boarding life and getting to know some of our boarders. They play a very important part in our community, providing a welcome element of internationalism and sharing their different cultural perspectives, while contributing fully to all aspects of school life.
It was a real pleasure therefore to be able to meet a good number of our current boarders' parents in Hong Kong at the start of the week. It was my first visit to Hong Kong and I was fascinated by this buzzing, dynamic city. I certainly look forward to visiting again and I hope to stay a bit longer next time. I was struck by the warmth of the welcome in Hong Kong and by the regard and affection that our parents feel for the benefits of a UK education and for Abingdon in particular. It was great to be able to share news of their sons with them and to get to know them better. They also enjoyed hearing about recent developments at Abingdon, as did the Old Abingdonians whom I met in Hong Kong. It was great to hear their stories too, including two OAs who are now collaborating as film-makers in Hong Kong, and who had produced a film that recently won a prize at the Milan Film Festival. One of them had cut his teeth in the Abingdon Film Unit (which has its annual night of screenings on 1 October in the Amey Theatre), while the other had been a stalwart of the music scene here, and it was inspirational to hear the effect that their experiences at Abingdon had had upon them.
Their story, and the many others that I heard in Hong Kong, bore very powerful testimony to the value of the boarding experience at Abingdon.
Friday 16 September 2016
Abingdon is known for its excellence in 'The Other Half' - extra-curricular activities - and the Activities Fair at the start of term gave me a great opportunity to see what it is all about. I have a long-standing belief in and commitment to the value of extra-curricular activities in that they play a key part in the personal development of pupils, while also giving them something to savour and enjoy as part of their weekly routine, so I was keen to see what was on offer.
I was blown away. The range and scope of activities here at Abingdon is truly remarkable and goes beyond what I had even expected. The value of those activities is enhanced by the commitment that the school shows towards them in terms of the time, resources and staff allocated. The opportunities for involvement in sport, art, music and Outward Bound activities are absolutely superb, and I am sure I will return to them in future blogs.
What also struck me as I toured the Activities Fair was the number of academic societies which also exist, often largely led by sixth form students, and which allow pupils to go way beyond the normal boundaries of subject specifications. Many of them produce publications which are incredibly well-designed and thoughtfully put together, featuring some highly erudite and considered reflections. A new society that has sprung up this term to take advantage of the new facilities in Greening Court is the GIS Club - GIS standing for Geographic Information Systems - which allows pupils to use sophisticated software to manipulate and overlay all sorts of geographic data. I saw some of our lower school boys using this software for the first time last week and they were already producing some fascinating work.
The commitment to going beyond the specification was emphasised by our Head of Sixth Form, Mr O'Doherty, in his assembly this morning which urged Sixth Formers to be curious, to read more widely, to take part in debate and discussion and to seize the chances offered by Abingdon's academic societies. The combination of intellectual curiosity with the unparalleled opportunities of the the Other Half - it's a potent mix.
Monday 12 September 2016
The induction of our new scholars at the start of a new year at Abingdon required me to spend some time thinking about what scholarship means at a school like this.
Without doubt, notions of scholarship are shifting and evolving all the time. I'm intrigued by the title given to Thomas Young, who died in 1829, who is described as 'the last man to know everything'. Allegedly by the age of 14, young Thomas knew Greek and Latin, and could get by in French, German, Italian, Hebrew, Arabic, Turkish, Persian, Aramaic, Syric, Samaritan and Amharic. Not a bad start, I suppose. He went on to contribute significantly to many fields, including our understanding of light, vision, mechanics, linguistics, music and even Egyptology. You have to say though that calling him 'the man who knows everything' smacks of exaggeration.
Indeed, we would certainly quibble now with the notion that any individual today could possibly 'know everything', not least when we can summon more information than we could probably ever process to our computer screens in a fraction of a second. Faced with this glut of information, discernment has become supremely important; the ability to sift information, to recognise what is reliable and trustworthy, to assess and judge sources.
Socrates was alleged to have said that 'the unconsidered life is not worth living' and I hope that all our pupils at Abingdon will live a considered life, that they will question what they hear, see and read and that they will not be afraid to consider new ways of living and thinking. I hope that our scholars - whose scholarships are founded on hard work and application - will take the lead in their approach to all aspects of life at school and in particular, of course, in the classroom, by engaging actively with their studies, thereby setting an example to others.
If in doubt, best just to follow the helpful advice offered by Dr Seuss:
'The MORE that you READ,
The MORE things you will KNOW,
The MORE you LEARN,
The MORE places you'll GO!'
Thursday 1 September 2016
It has been a busy and exciting summer as my family and I have moved to Abingdon. I hope I never have to see a cardboard box again… It is hard to believe that the long wait since my appointment as Headmaster back in June 2015 is finally over and it is with enormous anticipation that I look to the months ahead.
It was great to meet the new staff joining Abingdon School today. They have a great deal to offer the school collectively and I could sense their enthusiasm to get on with the job ahead. It was very useful for me to sit in on the sessions presented to the new starters by senior colleagues. I was excited to hear the focus on stretching and challenging pupils - new colleagues were encouraged to view each lesson as a workout for their pupils' brains. There was a focus too on ensuring that pupils are active and engaged in lessons. Teacher talk has its place but the test of a successful lesson is how much progress the pupils make, and that will in most instances follow when they have ample opportunity to put their learning into practice, rather than hearing lectures on a particular topic.
On occasion the focus on active learning can be dismissed as new-fangled faddism but it is anything but. I always find Montaigne's essays on bringing up children and education a source of good sense and perspective. Even in the sixteenth century, he wrote:
'Tutors never stop bellowing in our ears, as if pouring stuff down a funnel, and our job is just to repeat what they have been saying to us. I would want our tutor to correct that and, from the beginning, according to the type of mind he is dealing with, get it to show what it is capable of by making it try things out, choosing and judging them itself; and with the tutor sometimes leading the pupil on and, at other times, letting the pupil lead himself.' (L'éducation des enfants).
Montaigne presents us with a wonderfully succinct model of what effective teaching is all about.
Certainly though, the focus on pedagogy at Abingdon, including reflections upon the most intelligent use of technology in education, is hugely exciting, and I am very much looking forward to seeing and hearing more over the term ahead.